Union Army Men’s Socks by Donna Druchunas & Ava Coleman
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Union Army Men’s Socks

Knitting
August 2016
Fingering (14 wpi) ?
32 stitches and 40 rows = 4 inches
in Stockinette stitch
US 0 - 2.0 mm
400 yards (366 m)
Adult sizes

I’ve included two patterns here. The first, from Peterson’s Magazine, December 1861, has the same heel as the Ladies stocking on page 50. The heel has no heel turn, but is closed at the bottom with three-needle bind off, creating a ridge that could not be very comfortable under any circumstances. The toe has a very interesting arrangement of decreases that I haven’t tried out yet.

The second, from the United States Sanitary Commission Bulletin, Volume I, Number 31 of February 1, 1865, has a more comfortable heel that is very similar to what we call a Dutch heel today, except that it is made wider. The toe is a round toe that has decreases arranged in a way that tapers off the toe in an elongated shape that is quite comfortable. The sample I’ve made follows these instructions.

Sock A
Circumference: 10 (9)” (25.5 (23)cm)
Leg length: 10” (25.5cm), or knit to desired length
Foot length: 9 (10)” (23 (25.5)cm), or knit to desired length

Sock B
Circumference: 8 (83⁄4, 91⁄2)” (20.5 (22, 24)cm)
Leg length: 10” (25.5cm)
Foot length: 10 (11, 12)” (25.5 (28, 30.5)cm), or knit to desired length