About the rugs that inspired the socks:
Khotan (sometimes spelled Hotan) is the largest of several oasis towns on the southwestern edge of the Taklamakan Desert in western part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China (formerly known as Chinese Turkestan). The area supports dozens of small carpet factories, and many people still weave in their homes.
The textile history of this region is still being actively explored. A seventh-century Buddhist monk mentioned knotted carpets from Khotan in his account of his travels, but recent archaeological finds seem likely to push the advent of carpet production in the area back even earlier.
There is substantial variation in both the structure and design of the rugs produced in this region. These socks echo the intricate diamond motifs and soft, buttery yellow often found in the central field of Khotan rugs.